Derivatives And Fair Value
|12 Months Ended|
Dec. 31, 2018
|Derivatives And Fair Value [Abstract]|
|Derivatives And Fair Value||
10. DERIVATIVES AND FAIR VALUE
We use derivative financial instruments to achieve a more predictable cash flow from oil production by reducing our exposure to price fluctuations. See Note 2 for further information.
Commodity swaps - In June 2018, we entered into commodity swaps at a Dated Brent weighted average of $74.00 per barrel for the period from and including June 2018 through June 2019 for a quantity of approximately 400,000 barrels. If a liability position exceeds $10.0 million, we would be required to provide a bank letter of credit or deposit cash into an escrow account for the amount by which the liability exceeds $10.0 million. These swaps settle on a monthly basis. At December 31, 2018, our unexpired commodity swaps were for an underlying quantity of 172,000 barrels and had a fair value asset position of $3.5 million reflected in “Prepayments and other” line of our consolidated balance sheet.
Put options - During 2016, we executed crude oil put contracts as market conditions allowed in order to economically hedge anticipated 2016 and 2017 cash flows from crude oil producing activities. At December 31, 2017, our crude oil put contracts expired.
While these commodity swaps and crude oil puts are intended to be an economic hedge to mitigate the impact of a decline in oil prices, we have not elected hedge accounting. The contracts are being measured at fair value each period, with changes in fair value recognized in net income. We do not enter into derivative instruments for speculative or trading proposes.
The crude oil swaps and put contracts are measured at fair value using the Black’s option pricing model. Level 2 observable inputs used in the valuation model include market information as of the reporting date, such as prevailing Brent crude futures prices, Brent crude futures commodity price volatility and interest rates. The determination of the swap and put contracts fair value includes the impact of the counterparty’s non-performance risk.
To mitigate counterparty risk, we enter into such derivative contracts with creditworthy financial institutions deemed by management as competent and competitive market makers.
The following table sets forth the gain (loss) on derivative instruments on our consolidated statements of operations:
The entire disclosure for derivatives and fair value of assets and liabilities.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef