Annual report pursuant to Section 13 and 15(d)


12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2019
Leases [Abstract]  
Leases 13. LEASES

Under the new leasing standard that became effective January 1, 2019, there are two types of leases: finance and operating. Regardless of the type of lease, the initial measurement of the lease results in recording a ROU asset and a lease liability at the present value of the future lease payments.

Practical Expedients – The new standard provides a package of three practical expedients to simplify adoption. At the transition date, the entity may elect not to reassess: (1) whether any expired or existing contracts as of the adoption date are or contain leases under the new definition of a lease, (2) lease classification for expired or existing leases as of the adoption date and (3) initial direct costs for any existing leases as of the adoption date. These three expedients must be elected or not elected as a package. An entity that elects to apply all three of the practical expedients will, in effect, continue to classify leases that commence before the adoption date in accordance with current GAAP, unless the lease classification is reassessed after the adoption date. A lessee that elects to apply all of the practical expedients beginning on the adoption date will follow subsequent measurement guidance in ASC 842. The Company has elected to use these practical expedients, effectively carrying over its previous identification and classification of leases that existed as of January 1, 2019. Additionally, a lessee may elect not to recognize ROU assets and liabilities arising from short-term leases provided there is no purchase option the entity is likely to exercise. The Company has elected this short-term lease exemption. The adoption of ASC 842 resulted in a material increase in the Company’s total assets and liabilities on the Company’s consolidated balance sheet as certain of its operating leases are significant. In addition, adoption resulted in a decrease in working capital as the ROU asset is noncurrent but the lease liability has both long-term and short-term portions. There was no material overall impact on results of operations or cash flows. In the statement of cash flows, operating leases remain an operating activity.

The Company has entered into several agreements for the lease of office, warehouse and storage yard space, the FPSO, a hydraulic workover rig (“HWU”), and a helicopter. The duration for these agreements range from 21 to 45 months. The FPSO, HWU, helicopter, and office space contracts require the Company to make payments both for the use of the asset itself and for operations and maintenance services. Only the payments for the use of the asset related to the lease component are included in the calculation of ROU assets and lease liabilities. Payments for the operations and maintenance services are considered non-lease components and are not included in calculating the ROU assets and lease liabilities. For leases on ROU assets used in joint operations, generally the operator reflects the full amount of the lease component, including the amount that will be funded by the non-operators. As operator for the Etame Marin block, the ROU asset recorded for the FPSO, HWU, helicopter, and warehouse and storage yard space used in the joint operations includes the gross amount of the lease components. The ROU asset and lease liability for the HWU was removed from the Company’s consolidated balance sheet when the contract for the HWU was cancelled in December 2019.

The FPSO lease includes an option to extend the term through September 2022. The Company considered this option reasonably certain of exercise and has included it in the calculation of ROU assets and lease liabilities. For all other leases that contain an option to extend, the Company has concluded that it is not reasonably certain it will exercise the renewal option and the renewal periods have been excluded in the calculation for the ROU assets and liabilities. During third quarter of 2019, the Company notified the lessor of the FPSO of its intent to extend the lease term by the first option that extends the FPSO lease to September 2021.

The FPSO agreement also contains options to purchase the assets during or at the end of the lease term. The Company does not consider these options reasonably certain of exercise and has excluded the purchase price from the calculation of ROU assets and lease liabilities.

The FPSO and helicopter leases include provisions for variable lease payments, under which the Company is required to make additional payments based on the level of production or the number of days or hours the asset is deployed. Because the Company does not know the extent that the Company will be required to make such payments, they are excluded from the calculation of ROU assets and lease liabilities.

The discount rate used to calculate ROU assets and lease liabilities represents the Company’s incremental borrowing rate. The Company determined this by considering the term and economic environment of each lease, and estimating the resulting interest rate the Company would incur to borrow the lease payments.

For the year ended December 31, 2019, the components of the lease costs and the supplemental information were as follows:

Years Ended December 31, 2019

Lease cost:

(in thousands)

Operating lease cost



Short-term lease cost


Variable lease cost


Total lease expense


Lease costs capitalized


Total lease costs



Other information:

Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities:

Operating cash flows to operating leases



Weighted-average remaining lease term

2.7 years 

Weighted-average discount rate


The table below describes the presentation of the total lease cost on the Company’s consolidated statement of operations. As discussed above, the Company’s joint venture owners are required to reimburse the Company for their share of certain expenses, including certain lease costs.

Years Ended December 31, 2019

(in thousands)

Production expense



General and administrative expense


Lease costs billed to the joint venture owners


Total lease expense


Lease costs capitalized


Total lease costs



The following table describes the future maturities of the Company’s operating lease liabilities at December 31, 2019:

Lease Obligation


(in thousands)











Less: imputed interest


Total lease liabilities



Under the joint operating agreements, other joint owners are obligated to fund $24.9 million of the $36.1 million in future lease liabilities.

With respect to the periods prior to adoption of the new leasing standard, the Company incurred rent expense of $17.0 million and $19.1 million, respectively, associated with the FPSO and other leased equipment for the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017.