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UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549



 

 



 

 



 

 



FORM 10-Q



 

 



 

 



 

 

(Mark One)



  QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2016



  TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from _______ to _______

Commission file number 1-32167



 

 



 

 



 

 

VAALCO Energy, Inc.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)



 

 



 

 



 

 







 

 

Delaware

 

760274813

(State or other jurisdiction of

Incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)



 

9800 Richmond Avenue

Suite 700

Houston, Texas

 

77042

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

(Zip code)

(713) 623-0801

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)



 

 



 

 



 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act during the past 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes      No    

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes      No   

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.





 

 

 

 

Large accelerated filer

 

Accelerated filer

Non‑accelerated filer

 

Smaller reporting company

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Exchange Act Rule 12b-2).          Yes      No  

As of July 29, 2016, there were outstanding 58,386,243 shares of common stock, $0.10 par value per share, of the registrant. 

 











 

 


 

Table of Contents

 

VAALCO ENERGY, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Table of Contents





 



 

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1. CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (unaudited)

 

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

 

June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations

 

Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2016 and 2015

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

 

Six  Months Ended June 30, 2016 and 2015

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

15 

ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

23 

ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

24 

PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

24 

ITEM 1. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

24 

ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS

25 

ITEM 6. EXHIBITS

26 



 Unless the context otherwise indicates, references to “VAALCO,” “the Company”, “we,” “our,” or “us” in this Form 10-Q are references to VAALCO Energy, Inc., including its wholly-owned subsidiaries.

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PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1. CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

VAALCO ENERGY, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS  

(Unaudited)

(in thousands, except number of shares and par value amounts)





 

 

 

 

 

 



 

June 30,

 

December 31,



 

2016

 

2015

ASSETS

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

13,681 

 

$

25,357 

Restricted cash

 

 

783 

 

 

1,048 

Receivables:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Trade

 

 

7,363 

 

 

5,353 

Accounts with partners

 

 

12,220 

 

 

27,856 

Other

 

 

100 

 

 

42 

Crude oil inventory

 

 

704 

 

 

639 

Materials and supplies

 

 

161 

 

 

194 

Prepayments and other

 

 

3,630 

 

 

3,253 

Total current assets

 

 

38,642 

 

 

63,742 

Property and equipment - successful efforts method:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wells, platforms and other production facilities

 

 

410,423 

 

 

412,593 

Undeveloped acreage

 

 

10,000 

 

 

10,000 

Equipment and other

 

 

10,545 

 

 

10,948 



 

 

430,968 

 

 

433,541 

Accumulated depreciation, depletion, amortization and impairment

 

 

(403,888)

 

 

(400,168)

Net property and equipment

 

 

27,080 

 

 

33,373 

Other noncurrent assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Restricted cash

 

 

15,830 

 

 

15,830 

Value added tax and other receivables, net of allowance of $4.8 million
  and $4.2 million at June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015

 

 

4,968 

 

 

4,221 

Deferred finance charge

 

 

 -

 

 

1,655 

Abandonment funding

 

 

5,137 

 

 

5,137 

Total assets

 

$

91,657 

 

$

123,958 



 

 

 

 

 

 

LIABILITIES AND  SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

 

$

23,579 

 

$

46,848 

Foreign taxes payable

 

 

3,074 

 

 

 -

Accrued liabilities and other

 

 

14,701 

 

 

19,868 

Current portion of long term debt

 

 

5,000 

 

 

 -

Total current liabilities

 

 

46,354 

 

 

66,716 

Asset retirement obligations

 

 

16,632 

 

 

16,166 

Long term debt, excluding current portion

 

 

9,344 

 

 

15,000 

Total liabilities

 

 

72,330 

 

 

97,882 

Commitments and contingencies (Note 6)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shareholders’ equity:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred stock, none issued, 500,000 shares authorized, $25 par value

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

Common stock, 65,941,338 and  66,041,338 shares issued
   $0.10 par value, 100,000,000 shares authorized

 

 

6,594 

 

 

6,604 

Additional paid-in capital

 

 

70,744 

 

 

69,118 

Less treasury stock, 7,545,978 and 7,514,169 shares at cost

 

 

(37,923)

 

 

(37,882)

Accumulated deficit

 

 

(20,088)

 

 

(11,764)

Total shareholders' equity

 

 

19,327 

 

 

26,076 

Total liabilities and shareholders' equity

 

$

91,657 

 

$

123,958 



 

 

 

 

 

 

See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.







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VAALCO ENERGY, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(Unaudited)

(in thousands, except per share amounts)







 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

Three Months Ended June 30,

 

Six Months Ended June 30,



 

2016

 

2015

 

2016

 

2015

Revenues:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Oil and natural gas sales

 

$

18,847 

 

$

27,137 

 

$

29,823 

 

$

45,376 

Operating costs and expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Production expense

 

 

7,341 

 

 

8,867 

 

 

18,594 

 

 

18,778 

Exploration expense

 

 

 

 

1,113 

 

 

 

 

28,572 

Depreciation, depletion and amortization

 

 

1,945 

 

 

9,299 

 

 

4,186 

 

 

15,234 

General and administrative expense

 

 

4,043 

 

 

2,829 

 

 

7,027 

 

 

7,702 

Impairment of proved properties

 

 

 -

 

 

5,821 

 

 

 -

 

 

11,220 

Other operating expense

 

 

754 

 

 

 -

 

 

9,635 

 

 

 -

General and administrative related
   to shareholder matters

 

 

18 

 

 

 -

 

 

(435)

 

 

 -

Bad debt expense (recovery) and other

 

 

171 

 

 

296 

 

 

(7,115)

 

 

576 

Total operating costs and expenses

 

 

14,274 

 

 

28,225 

 

 

31,895 

 

 

82,082 

Other operating income (loss), net

 

 

 -

 

 

58 

 

 

(3)

 

 

398 

Operating income (loss)

 

 

4,573 

 

 

(1,030)

 

 

(2,075)

 

 

(36,308)

Other income (expense):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest income

 

 

 -

 

 

 

 

3,202 

 

 

Interest expense

 

 

(1,470)

 

 

(344)

 

 

(1,959)

 

 

(654)

Other, net

 

 

(363)

 

 

438 

 

 

161 

 

 

382 

Total other income (expense)

 

 

(1,833)

 

 

99 

 

 

1,404 

 

 

(263)

Income (loss) before income taxes

 

 

2,740 

 

 

(931)

 

 

(671)

 

 

(36,571)

Income tax expense

 

 

3,001 

 

 

4,273 

 

 

7,653 

 

 

7,638 

Net loss

 

$

(261)

 

$

(5,204)

 

$

(8,324)

 

$

(44,209)



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic net loss per share

 

$

(0.00)

 

$

(0.09)

 

$

(0.14)

 

$

(0.76)

Diluted net loss per share

 

$

(0.00)

 

$

(0.09)

 

$

(0.14)

 

$

(0.76)



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic weighted average shares outstanding

 

 

58,464 

 

 

58,302 

 

 

58,488 

 

 

58,143 

Diluted weighted average shares outstanding

 

 

58,464 

 

 

58,302 

 

 

58,488 

 

 

58,143 

See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

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VAALCO ENERGY, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(Unaudited)

(in thousands)





 

 

 

 

 

 



 

Six Months Ended June 30,



 

2016

 

2015

CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

$

(8,324)

 

$

(44,209)

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided
by operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation, depletion and amortization

 

 

4,186 

 

 

15,234 

Amortization of debt issuance cost

 

 

1,076 

 

 

311 

Unrealized foreign exchange loss

 

 

2,351 

 

 

18 

Dry hole costs and impairment of unproved leasehold

 

 

 -

 

 

27,871 

Stock-based compensation

 

 

1,616 

 

 

2,332 

Commodity derivatives loss

 

 

578 

 

 

 -

Bad debt provision

 

 

514 

 

 

 -

Other operating (income) loss, net

 

 

 

 

(398)

Impairment of proved properties

 

 

 -

 

 

11,220 

Change in operating assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Trade receivables

 

 

(2,010)

 

 

11,362 

Accounts with partners

 

 

15,636 

 

 

(4,821)

Other receivables

 

 

(52)

 

 

(2,556)

Crude oil inventory

 

 

(65)

 

 

1,458 

Materials and supplies

 

 

33 

 

 

32 

Value added tax and other receivable

 

 

(1,236)

 

 

 -

Prepayments and other

 

 

(303)

 

 

1,517 

Accounts payable

 

 

(15,211)

 

 

10,656 

Accrued liabilities and other

 

 

(237)

 

 

(3,074)

Foreign taxes payable

 

 

3,074 

 

 

 -

Net cash provided by operating activities

 

 

1,629 

 

 

26,953 

CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Decrease in restricted cash

 

 

265 

 

 

5,390 

Property and equipment expenditures

 

 

(12,669)

 

 

(41,196)

Proceeds from sales of oil and gas properties

 

 

 -

 

 

398 

Other, net

 

 

(824)

 

 

 -

Net cash used in investing activities

 

 

(13,228)

 

 

(35,408)

CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from the issuances of common stock

 

 

 -

 

 

452 

Debt issuance costs

 

 

(77)

 

 

 -

Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities

 

 

(77)

 

 

452 

NET CHANGE IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS

 

 

(11,676)

 

 

(8,003)

CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS AT BEGINNING OF PERIOD

 

 

25,357 

 

 

69,051 

CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS AT END OF PERIOD

 

$

13,681 

 

$

61,048 



 

 

 

 

 

 

Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest paid, net of capitalized interest

 

$

772 

 

$

654 

Income taxes paid

 

$

4,435 

 

$

9,254 

Supplemental disclosure of non-cash investing and financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Property and equipment additions incurred but not
   paid at period end

 

$

2,111 

 

$

33,297 

Asset retirement cost capitalized

 

$

42 

 

$

613 

See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements. 



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VAALCO ENERGY, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES 

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

    1.  ORGANIZATION AND ACCOUNTING POLICIES 

VAALCO Energy, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries (“VAALCO” or the “Company”) is a Houston-based independent energy company principally engaged in the acquisition, exploration, development and production of crude oil and natural gas. As operator, we have production operations in and conduct exploration activities in Gabon and Angola, West Africa.  We participate in exploration and development activities as a non-operator in Equatorial Guinea, West Africa. VAALCO is the operator of two unconventional wells in the United States in North Texas and holds undeveloped leasehold acreage in Montana. We also own some minor interests in conventional production activities as a non-operator in the United States.

Our consolidated subsidiaries are VAALCO Gabon (Etame), Inc., VAALCO Production (Gabon), Inc., VAALCO Gabon S.A., VAALCO Angola (Kwanza), Inc., VAALCO UK (North Sea), Ltd., VAALCO International, Inc., VAALCO Energy (EG), Inc., VAALCO Energy Mauritius (EG) Limited and VAALCO Energy (USA), Inc.

These condensed consolidated financial statements are unaudited, but in the opinion of management, reflect all adjustments necessary for a fair presentation of results for the interim periods presented. All adjustments are of a normal recurring nature unless disclosed otherwise. Interim period results are not necessarily indicative of results to be expected for the full year.

These condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) and do not include all the information and disclosures required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”) for complete financial statements. They should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2015, which include a summary of the significant accounting policies.

Certain reclassifications have been made to prior period amounts to conform to the current period presentation.  These reclassifications did not affect our consolidated financial results.

Correction of errorAccounts with partners and Allowance for bad debtsSubsequent to the issuance of our 2015 financial statements, we identified an error in the presentation on the consolidated balance sheet of the accounts with partners and the associated allowance for bad debts. These accounts incorrectly included a fully reserved receivable of $7.6 million which should have been charged off against the reserve in 2012 when efforts to collect from a removed partner were no longer viable and had been abandoned.  To correct this error, we removed the reference to the $7.6 million allowance from the caption. This correction had no impact on the consolidated balance sheet or the consolidated results from operations.

Bad debtQuarterly, we evaluate our accounts receivable balances to confirm collectability.  When collectability is in doubt, we record an allowance against the accounts receivable and a corresponding income charge for bad debts, which appears in the Bad debt expense (recovery) and other line of the condensed consolidated statements of operations. The majority of our accounts receivable balances are with our joint venture partners, purchasers of our production and the government of Gabon for reimbursable Value-Added Tax (“VAT”). Collection efforts, including remedies provided for in the contracts, are pursued to collect overdue amounts owed to us.    

In the three and six months ended June 30, 2016, we increased the allowance related to VAT due from Gabon by $0.1 million and $0.6 million. There were no changes in the allowance for bad debts during the three and six months ended June 30, 2015. In June 2016, we entered into an agreement with the government of Gabon to receive payments of the outstanding VAT receivable balance as of December 31, 2015 in thirty-six monthly installments of $0.2 million net to VAALCO, which commenced in July 2016.

General and administrative related to shareholder mattersDuring the third quarter of 2015, a shareholder group consisting of Group 42, Inc., Bradley L. Radoff and certain other participants (collectively, the "Group 42-BLR Group") attempted to gain control of our Board of Directors. In December 2015, we reached an agreement with the Group 42-BLR Group that included changes to the composition of the Board of Directors and other actions. In connection with this agreement, we reimbursed the Group 42-BLR Group for $350,000 of its legal expenses. Related shareholder litigation filed in Delaware was dismissed by the Delaware Chancery Court on April 20, 2016. See Note 6 for further discussion of the litigation.

2.  LIQUIDITY AND GOING CONCERN

Our revenues, cash flows, profitability, oil and natural gas reserve values and future rates of growth are substantially dependent upon prevailing prices for oil and natural gas. Our ability to borrow funds and to obtain additional capital on attractive terms is also substantially dependent on oil and natural gas prices. Historically, world-wide oil and natural gas prices and markets have been volatile, and will likely continue to be volatile in the future. In particular, the prices of oil and natural gas declined dramatically in the second half of 2014 and remained low, decreasing further in 2015 and early 2016. However, revenues have increased from $11.0 million in the first quarter 2016 to $18.8 million in the second quarter of 2016 primarily as a result of improving prices and higher sales volumes. 

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As discussed in Note 5, in June 2016, we modified our revolving credit facility with the International Finance Corporation (“IFC”) converting $20 million of our revolving credit facility into a term loan with $15 million borrowed and the option to request,  with approval being at the IFC’s discretion, an additional $5 million in a single draw between now and December 31, 2016. Our available liquidity, therefore, continues to be somewhat limited.  

If we fail to satisfy our obligations with respect to our indebtedness or trade payables, or fail to comply with the financial and other restrictive covenants contained in the loan agreement, an event of default could result, which would permit acceleration of such debt and which could result in an event of default under the amended loan agreement and acceleration of other indebtedness, and could permit our secured lender to foreclose on any of our assets securing that debt. Any accelerated debt would become immediately due and payable. As discussed in Note 5, certain of our financial covenants under the amended loan agreement have been relaxed through the end of 2016.

Continued depressed oil and natural gas prices, like those seen in the first quarter of 2016, would have a material adverse effect on our liquidity, financial condition, results of operations and on the carrying value of our proved oil and natural gas properties.

If oil and natural gas prices continue at levels seen in the second quarter 2016, we expect that for 2016 we will generate cash flows sufficient to cover our operating expenses. To fund growth opportunities, we are considering multiple alternatives, including, but not limited to, additional debt or equity financing, a sale or farm-down of assets, continuing the delay of the discretionary portion of our capital spending to future periods and/or operating cost reductions.    There can be no guarantee of future capital acquisition or fundraising success. Our current cash position and our ability to access additional capital may limit our available opportunities and not provide sufficient cash available for our operations.  These conditions continue to raise doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern. 

Our financial statements for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016 have been prepared on a going concern basis, which contemplates the realization of assets and the settlement of liabilities and commitments in the normal course of business. The financial statements do not include any adjustments relating to the recoverability and classification of assets or the amounts and classification of liabilities that might be necessary should we be unable to continue as a going concern.

3.  NEW ACCOUNTING STANDARDS

Not yet adopted

In June 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued new guidance related to the calculation of credit losses on financial instruments. All financial instruments not accounted for at fair value will be impacted, including our trade and partner receivables. Allowances are to be measured using a current expected credit loss model as of the reporting date which is based on historical experience, current conditions and reasonable and supportable forecasts. This is significantly different from the current model which increases the allowance when losses are probable. This change is effective for all public companies for fiscal years beginning after December 31, 2019, including interim periods within those fiscal years and will be applied with a cumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings as of the beginning of the first reporting period in which the guidance is effective. We are currently evaluating the provisions of this guidance and are assessing its potential impact on our financial position, results of operations, cash flows and related disclosures.

In March 2016, the FASB issued a new accounting standards update that changes several aspects of accounting for share-based payment transactions, including a requirement to recognize all excess tax benefits and tax deficiencies as income tax expense or benefit in the income statement, classification of awards as either equity or liabilities, and classification on the statement of cash flows. This standard is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 31, 2016, with early adoption permitted. Varying transition methods (modified retrospective, retrospective or prospective) are applied to different provisions of the standard. We are in the process of evaluating all changes, both required and elective, and are developing implementation plans for each as appropriate; however, we do not expect any of the changes to have a significant impact on our financial position, results of operations, cash flows or related disclosures.

In February 2016, the FASB issued an accounting standards update which amended the accounting standards for leases.  The accounting standards update retains a distinction between finance leases and operating leases. The primary change is the recognition of lease assets and lease liabilities by lessees for those leases classified as operating leases on the balance sheet. The classification criteria for distinguishing between finance leases and operating leases are substantially similar to the classification criteria for distinguishing between capital leases and operating leases in the previous guidance. Certain aspects of lease accounting have been simplified. Additional qualitative and quantitative disclosures are required along with specific quantitative disclosures required by lessees and lessors to meet the objective of enabling users of financial statements to assess the amount, timing, and uncertainty of cash flows arising from leases. In transition, lessees and lessors are required to recognize and measure leases at the beginning of the earliest period presented using a modified retrospective approach. The amendments are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those fiscal years, with early application permitted. We are currently evaluating the provisions of this update and are assessing the potential impact on our financial position, results of operations, cash flows and related disclosures. 

In May 2014, the FASB issued revised guidance on revenue from contracts with customers that will supersede most current revenue recognition guidance, including industry-specific guidance. The core principle of the revenue model is that an entity will recognize

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revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The new standard provides a five-step approach to determine when and how revenue is recognized. The guidance permits the use of either a full retrospective or a modified retrospective approach. In July 2015, the FASB approved a one-year deferral of the effective date of this standard to annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017 for public companies. The FASB approved early adoption of the standard, but not before the original effective date of annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016. Since May 2014, several additional accounting standards updates have been issued by FASB to clarify implementation issues. We continue to evaluate the impact of this revised guidance and the several clarifications that have been issued since.    We have not yet quantified the impact, if any, of this amended guidance on our financial position, results of operations, cash flows and related disclosures.

Adopted

In April 2015, the FASB issued guidance that requires the presentation of debt issuance costs in financial statements as a direct reduction of the related debt liabilities, with amortization of debt issuance costs reported as interest expense. Under prior GAAP, debt issuance costs were reported as deferred charges (i.e., as an asset). We adopted the standard in the first quarter of 2016. As discussed in Note 5, in the second quarter of 2016, our loan agreement was modified into a term loan. At that time, a portion of deferred debt issuance costs related to the revolving credit facility were charged to expense. The remaining unamortized deferred financing costs plus the incremental costs of converting the revolver into a term loan are presented as a direct reduction of Long-term debt on the condensed consolidated balance sheet.







4.  OIL AND NATURAL GAS PROPERTIES AND EQUIPMENT 

We review our oil and natural gas producing properties for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of such properties may not be recoverable. When an oil and natural gas property’s undiscounted estimated future net cash flows are not sufficient to recover its carrying amount, an impairment charge is recorded to reduce the carrying amount of the asset to its fair value. The fair value of the asset is measured using a discounted cash flow model relying primarily on Level 3 inputs into the undiscounted future net cash flows. The undiscounted estimated future net cash flows used in our impairment evaluations at each quarter end are based upon the most recently prepared independent reserve engineers’ report adjusted to use forecasted prices from the forward strip price curves near each quarter end and adjusted as necessary for drilling and production results.

During the second quarter of 2016, forecasted oil prices improved significantly, our negative price differential to Brent narrowed and we incurred no significant capital spending.  We considered these and other factors and determined that there were no events or circumstances triggering an impairment evaluation for most of our fields, with the exception of the Avouma field in the Etame Marine block offshore Gabon. At the Avouma field, the electrical submersible pumps (ESPs) in the South Tchibala 2-H well failed on June 23, 2016, and the well was temporarily shut-in. A workover is being planned to replace the ESPs and bring the well back on production by early fourth quarter 2016.  The reserves used in our impairment evaluation of the Avouma field were revised to reflect the impact of this lost production for several months and the impact of the forward price curveThe undiscounted future net cash flows for the Avouma field were in excess of the field’s carrying value.  No impairment was required for the Avouma field, or any of our other fields, for the second quarter of 2016.

Declining forecasted oil prices and other factors caused us to perform impairment reviews of our proved properties in the first and second quarters of 2015 and in the first quarter of 2016 for all fields in the Etame Marin block offshore Gabon and the Hefley field in North Texas. No impairment was required for the first quarter of 2016. As a result of a decline in forecasted oil prices and higher costs for planned development wells, for the first and second quarters of 2015, we recorded aggregate impairments of $11.2 million.  

5.  DEBT

On June 29, 2016, we executed a Supplemental Agreement with the IFC which, among other things, amended and restated the existing loan agreement to convert $20 million of the revolving portion of the credit facility, to a term loan (the “Term Loan”) with $15 million currently outstanding and an additional $5 million (the “Additional Term Loan”) which can be requested in a single draw between now and December 31, 2016.   The amended loan agreement is secured by the assets of our Gabon subsidiary, VAALCO Gabon (Etame), Inc. and is guaranteed by VAALCO as the parent company.  Before we are able to draw the Additional Term Loan, the IFC, as part of their consideration of our loan request, will make a determination of whether our Gabon subsidiary’s current and projected revenues from operations are sufficient to cover the aggregate amount of principal, interest, commissions, fees and any other amounts due in respect of the Additional Term Loan. If drawn, the Additional Term Loan amount shall be amortized in equal quarterly installments through June 30, 2018. The amended loan agreement provides for quarterly principal and interest payments on the amounts currently outstanding through June 30, 2019, with interest accruing at a rate of LIBOR plus 5.75%. Principal repayments under the amended loan agreement are dependent upon the timing of our additional borrowing, if any, with the payments to commence no later than March 31, 2017.

Compared to the $15.0 million carrying value of debt, the estimated fair value of the term loan is $15.0 million when measured using a discounted cash flow model over the life of the current borrowings at forecasted interest rates. The inputs to this model are Level 3 in the fair value hierarchy.



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Covenants

Under the amended loan agreement, quarter-end net debt to EBITDAX (as defined in the loan agreement) must be no more than 3.0 to 1.0. However, the quarter-end net debt to EBITDAX limitation has been raised to 5.0 to 1.0 for all periods through the end of 2016. Forecasting our compliance with this and other financial covenants in future periods is inherently uncertain. Factors that could impact our quarter-end net debt to EBITDAX in future periods include future realized prices for sales of oil and natural gas, estimated future production, returns generated by our capital program, and future interest costs, among others. We are in compliance with all financial covenants as of June 30, 2016.

Interest 

Until June 29, 2016, under the terms of the original revolving credit facility, we paid commitment fees on the undrawn portion of the total commitment.  Commitment fees were equal to 1.5% of the unused balance of the senior tranche of $50.0 million and 2.3% of the unused balance of the subordinated tranche of $15.0 million when a commitment was available for utilization.

We capitalize interest and commitment fees related to expenditures made in connection with exploration and development projects that are not subject to current depletion. Interest and commitment fees are capitalized only for the period that activities are in progress to bring these projects to their intended use.

The table below shows the components of the Interest expense line of our condensed consolidated statements of operations and the average effective interest rate, excluding commitment fees, on our borrowings:







 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

Three Months Ended June 30,

 

Six Months Ended June 30, 2016



 

2016

 

2015

 

2016

 

2015



 

(in thousands)

Interest incurred, including commitment fees

 

$

387 

 

$

372 

 

$

773 

 

$

740 

Deferred finance cost amortization

 

 

103 

 

 

153 

 

 

206 

 

 

313 

Deferred finance cost write-off due to loan modification

 

 

869 

 

 

 -

 

 

869 

 

 

 -

Capitalized interest

 

 

 -

 

 

(288)

 

 

 -

 

 

(506)

Other interest not related to debt

 

 

111 

 

 

107 

 

 

111 

 

 

10 

Interest expense

 

$

1,470 

 

$

344 

 

$

1,959 

 

$

654 

  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Average effective interest rate, excluding commitment fees

 

 

4.38% 

 

 

4.03% 

 

 

4.37% 

 

 

4.02% 



6.  COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

Litigation

On December 7, 2015, Plaintiff Vladimir Gusinsky Living Trust filed a stockholder class action lawsuit in the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware (the “Court”) against the Company and all of its directors alleging that certain provisions of the Company’s Restated Charter and Second Amended and Restated Bylaws that restricted the removal of its directors to removal for cause only (the “director removal provisions”) were invalid as a matter of Delaware law. Plaintiff George Shapiro also filed a similar stockholder class action lawsuit in the Court on December 7, 2015. Thereafter, the plaintiffs agreed to the consolidation of their cases (the “Consolidated Case”).

After a hearing on the Consolidated Case on December 21, 2015, Vice Chancellor Laster issued an opinion in In re VAALCO Energy, Inc. Stockholder Litigation, Consol. C.A. No. 11775-VCL holding that, in the absence of a classified board or cumulative voting, the director removal provisions conflicted with Section 141(k) of the Delaware General Corporation Law and are therefore invalid.

On April 20, 2016, the Court approved a Stipulation and Order of Dismissal entered into by the parties in the Consolidated Case. We agreed to settle plaintiffs’ application for an award of attorneys’ fees and expenses totaling $775,000 due to the costs of defense of that application and the litigation risk associated therewith, all of which was covered by our directors and officers insurance as a covered claim.

Rig commitment

In 2014, we entered into a long-term contract for a jackup drilling rig for the multi-well development drilling campaign offshore Gabon. The campaign included the drilling of development wells and workovers of existing wells in the Etame Marin block. We began demobilization in January 2016 and released the drilling rig in February 2016, prior to the original July 2016 contract termination date, because we no longer intended to drill any wells in 2016 on our Etame Marin block offshore Gabon. In June 2016, we reached an agreement with the drilling contractor to pay $5.1 million net to VAALCO’s interest for unused rig days under the contract. We will pay this amount, plus the demobilization charges, in seven equal monthly installments beginning in July 2016.  The related expense is reported in the Other operating expense line of the condensed consolidated statement of operations.

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Gabon

Offshore

Abandonment

We have an agreed cash funding arrangement for the eventual abandonment of all offshore wells, platforms and facilities on the Etame Marin Block. Based upon the abandonment study completed in January 2016, the abandonment cost estimate used for this purpose is approximately $61.1 million ($17.3 million net to VAALCO) on an undiscounted basis. The obligation for abandonment of the Gabon offshore facilities is included in the Asset retirement obligation line on our condensed consolidated balance sheet. Through December 31, 2015, $18.3 million ($5.1 million net to VAALCO) on an undiscounted basis has been funded, with the next funding of $2.6 million net to VAALCO expected to be required sometime later in 2016. This cash funding is reflected under Other noncurrent assets as Abandonment funding on our condensed consolidated balance sheet. Future changes to the abandonment costs estimate could change not only our asset retirement obligation, but the amount of future abandonment funding payments.

Audits

We are subject to periodic routine audits by various government agencies in Gabon, including audits of our petroleum cost account, customs, taxes and other operational matters, as well as audits by other members of the contractor group under our joint operating agreements.

In October 2014, we received a provisional audit report related to the Etame Marin block operations from the Gabon Taxation Department as part of a special industry-wide audit of business practices and financial transactions in the Republic of Gabon.  In November 2014, we responded to the Gabon Taxation Department requesting joint meetings to advance the resolution of this matter and later provided a formal reply to the provisional audit report in February 2015. A tentative agreement was reached with the Gabon Taxation Department in April 2015, and we are working with the Gabon Taxation Department to finalize the audit. During 2015, we accrued an estimated settlement of $0.3 million based upon preliminary negotiations. The ultimate outcome of the claim and impact cannot be predicted, and an adverse result of the audit could result in a material liability and adversely affect our financial condition.

In June 2016, we accrued $2.2 million net to VAALCO for certain payroll taxes in Gabon which were not paid pertaining to labor provided to us over a number of years by a third-party contractor.  While the payroll taxes were for individuals who were not our employees, we could be deemed liable for these expenses as the end user of the services provided.  A process of negotiation with government payroll agencies in Gabon is underway to resolve this matter.  

Angola  

Offshore

Partner receivable

In November 2006, we signed a production sharing contract for Block 5 offshore Angola. The four year primary term, with an optional three year extension, awarded us exploration rights to 1.4 million acres offshore central Angola, with a commitment to drill two exploratory wells. Our working interest is 40% and we carry the Angolan national oil company, Sonangol P&P, for 10% of the work program. The government-assigned working interest partner was delinquent in paying their share of the costs several times in 2009 and was removed from the production sharing contract in 2010 by a governmental decree. Efforts to collect from the defaulted partner were abandoned in 2012. The available 40% working interest in Block 5, offshore Angola was assigned to Sonangol P&P effective on January 1, 2014. We invoiced Sonangol P&P for the unpaid delinquent amounts from the defaulted partner plus the amounts incurred during the period prior to assignment of the working interest totaling $7.6 million plus interest in April 2014. Because this amount was not paid and Sonangol P&P was slow in paying monthly cash call invoices since their assignment, we placed Sonangol P&P in default in the first quarter of 2015.

On March 14, 2016, we received payment from Sonangol P&P for the full amount owed us as of December 31, 2015, including the $7.6 million of pre-assignment costs. The $7.6 million recovery is reflected in the Bad debt expense (recovery) and other line of the condensed consolidated statements of operations. Default interest of $3.2 million was received and is shown in the Interest income line of the condensed consolidated statements of operations.

Exploration well commitment

Under the current agreement with the Republic of Angola, we and our working interest partner, Sonangol P&P are obligated to perform certain exploration activities by November 30, 2017. In the first quarter of 2015, we drilled an unsuccessful exploratory well on the Kindele prospect, which satisfied one of the well commitments. The agreement requires us to drill or commence drilling three additional exploration wells by the expiration date.

A $10.0 million assessment ($5.0 million net to VAALCO) applies to each of the three remaining exploratory well commitments, if any, that have not been spud at the end of the exploration period in November 2017. Due to the current outlook for oil prices and the uncertainties about the timing for our partner to pay its share of future costs, there may be delays in drilling the remaining three wells. We have continued to classify the $15.0 million commitment for drilling these wells as long term restricted cash on our balance sheet.

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We are seeking to extend the term of the exploration license and hence the well commitment deadline although no assurances can be given that such an extension will be obtained.

7. DERIVATIVES AND FAIR VALUE

In April 2016, we entered into put contracts on 36,000 barrels of oil per month for the period from June 2016 through February 2017 at Dated Brent of $40 per barrel. This volume represents approximately one-third of our total forecasted sales volumes for the period. While these crude oil puts are intended to be an economic hedge to mitigate the impact of a decline in oil prices, we have not elected hedge accounting. The contracts will be measured at fair value each period, with changes in fair value recognized in net income. We do not enter into derivative instruments for speculative or trading proposes.

Our put contracts are subject to agreements similar to a master netting agreement under which we have the legal right to offset assets and liabilities. At June 30, 2016, all of the put contracts were assets.

The following table sets forth, by level within the fair value hierarchy and location on the condensed consolidated balance sheets, the reported values of derivative instruments accounted for at fair value on a recurring basis:





 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

   

Balance at June 30, 2016



 

 

   

Carrying

   

Fair Value Measurements Using

Derivative Item

 

Balance Sheet Line

   

Value

   

Level 1

   

Level 2

   

Level 3



 

 

   

(in thousands)

Crude oil puts

 

Prepayments and other

   

$  

265 

   

$  

 -

   

$  

265 

   

$  

 -

We had neither derivative instruments outstanding as of December 31, 2015 nor derivative instrument activity during 2015. 

The crude oil put contracts are measured at fair value using the Black’s option pricing model. Level 2 observable inputs used in the valuation model include market information as of the reporting date, such as prevailing Brent crude futures prices, Brent crude futures commodity price volatility and interest rates.  The determination of the put contract fair value includes the impact of the counterparty’s non-performance risk. 

To mitigate counterparty risk, we enter into such derivative contracts with creditworthy financial institutions deemed by management as competent and competitive market makers.

The following table sets forth the effect of derivative instruments on the condensed consolidated statements of operations:





 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

Gain (Loss)

Derivative Item

 

Statement of Operations Line

 

Three Months Ended June 30,

 

Six Months Ended June 30,



 

 

 

2016

 

2015

 

2016

 

2015



 

   

 

(in thousands)

Crude oil puts

 

Other, net

 

$

(578)

 

$

 -

 

$

(578)

 

$

 -



8 COMPENSATION

Stock options

Stock options are granted under our long-term incentive plan and have an exercise price that may not be less than the fair market value of the underlying shares on the date of grant. Stock options granted to participants will become exercisable over a period determined by the Compensation Committee of our Board of Directors, which in the past has been a five year life, with the options vesting over a service period of up to five years. In addition, stock options will become exercisable upon a change in control, unless provided otherwise by the Compensation Committee of our Board of Directors. A portion of the stock options granted in the six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015 were vested immediately with the remainder vesting over a two year period.

Stock option activity for the six months ended June 30, 2016 is provided below:



 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 



 

Number of

 

Weighted



 

Shares

 

Average



 

Underlying

 

Exercise Price



 

Options

 

Per Share



 

(in thousands)

 

 

 

Outstanding at January 1, 2016

 

4,144 

 

 

$       6.41

Granted

 

1,519 

 

 

1.16 

Forfeited/expired

 

(1,058)

 

 

5.62 

Outstanding at June 30, 2016

 

4,605 

 

 

4.86 



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Common and restricted shares

Shares of restricted stock may be granted under our long-term incentive plan and related compensation expense is recorded using the fair market value of the underlying shares on the date of grant. Restricted stock granted to employees will vest over a period determined by the Compensation Committee which is generally a three year period, vesting in three equal parts on the first three anniversaries of the date of the grant. Share grants to directors vest immediately and are not restricted.





 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 



 

Common and

 

Weighted



 

Restricted

 

Average



 

Stock

 

Grant Price

Non-vested shares outstanding at January 1, 2016

 

419,888 

 

 

$       3.83

Awards granted

 

357,145 

 

 

1.12 

Awards vested

 

(454,783)

 

 

2.06 

Awards forfeited

 

(100,000)

 

 

1.97 

Non-vested shares outstanding at June 30, 2016

 

222,250 

 

 

3.94 

In the three months ended March 31, 2016, 31,808 shares were added to treasury due to tax withholding on vesting restricted shares.  No shares were added to treasury in the three months ended June 30, 2016.

Stock appreciation rights

Stock appreciation rights (“SARs”) are granted under the “VAALCO Energy, Inc. 2016 Stock Appreciation Rights Plan”. A SAR is the right to receive a cash amount equal to the spread with respect to a share of common stock upon the exercise of the SAR.  The spread is the difference between the SAR price per share specified in a SAR award on the date of grant (which may not be less than the fair market value of our common stock on the date of grant) and the fair market value per share on the date of exercise of the SAR. SARs granted to participants will become exercisable over a period determined by the Compensation Committee of our Board of Directors. In addition, SARs will become exercisable upon a change in control, unless provided otherwise by the Compensation Committee of our Board of Directors. The 815,355 SARs granted in the three months ended March 31, 2016 vest over a three year period with a life of 5 years and have a maximum spread of 300% of the $1.04 SAR price per share specified in a SAR award on the date of grant. Compensation payable related to these awards through June 30, 2016 is not significant.

Compensation expense

We record non-cash compensation expense related to stock-based compensation in the General and administrative expense line of the condensed consolidated statements of operations.  Non-cash compensation expense was $0.8 million and $1.6 million for three and six months ended June 30, 2016 and was $0.7 million and $2.3 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2015 related to stock options, SARs, common stock and restricted stock. Because we do not pay significant United States federal income taxes, no amounts were recorded for tax benefits.

9. INCOME TAXES

VAALCO and its domestic subsidiaries file a consolidated United States income tax return. Certain subsidiaries’ operations are also subject to foreign income taxes.

As discussed further in the Notes to the consolidated financial statements in our Form 10-K for December 31, 2015, we have deferred tax assets related to foreign tax credits, alternative minimum tax credits, and domestic and foreign net operating losses (“NOLs”). Management assesses the available positive and negative evidence to estimate if existing deferred tax assets will be utilized. We do not anticipate utilization of the foreign tax credits prior to expiration nor do we expect to generate sufficient taxable income to utilize other deferred tax assets. On the basis of this evaluation, full valuation allowances have been recorded as of June 30, 2016.

NOLs for our Gabon and Angola subsidiaries are included in the respective subsidiaries’ cost oil accounts which will be offset against future taxable revenues. In Angola, these NOLs are not available to offset financial gains which include foreign exchange gains and interest income. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2016, we recorded $0.1 million and $3.1 million for income taxes in Angola on financial gains related to foreign exchange gains as well as the interest paid by Sonangol P&P on their past due joint interest account balance. The remaining income taxes for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016 and all of the income taxes for the three and six months ended June 30, 2015 are attributable to foreign taxes payable in Gabon.

10.  EARNINGS PER SHARE

Basic earnings per share (“EPS”) is calculated using the average number of shares of common stock outstanding during each period. For the calculation of diluted shares, we assume that restricted stock is outstanding on the date of grant, and we assume the issuance of shares from the exercise of stock options using the treasury stock method.

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A reconciliation from basic to diluted shares follows:   



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

Three Months Ended June 30,

 

Six Months Ended June 30,



 

2016

 

2015

 

2016

 

2015

Basic weighted average shares outstanding

 

58,463,838 

 

58,301,960 

 

58,488,074 

 

58,142,539 

Effect of dilutive securities

 

 -

 

 -

 

 -

 

 -

Diluted weighted average shares outstanding

 

58,463,838 

 

58,301,960 

 

58,488,074 

 

58,142,539 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stock options excluded from dilutive calculation because

    they would be anti-dilutive

 

4,413,180 

 

6,051,591 

 

3,522,081 

 

5,624,716 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Because we recognized net losses for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015, there were no dilutive securities for those periods.

11.  SEGMENT INFORMATION

Our operations are based in Gabon, Angola, Equatorial Guinea and the United States (“U.S.”).  Each of our four reportable operating segments is organized and managed based upon geographic location. Our Chief Executive Officer, who is the chief operating decision maker, and management, review and evaluate the operation of each geographic segment separately primarily based on Operating income (loss). The operations of all segments include exploration for and production of hydrocarbons where commercial reserves have been found and developed. Revenues are based on the location of hydrocarbon production. Corporate and other is primarily corporate and operations support costs which are not allocated to the reportable operating segments.

Segment activity for the three and six months ended June  30, 2016 and 2015 and segment assets at June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015 are as follows:



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

Three Months Ended June 30, 2016



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Equatorial

 

 

 

 

Corporate

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

Gabon

 

Angola

 

Guinea

 

U.S.

 

and Other

 

Total

Revenues-oil and gas sales

 

$

18,764 

 

$

 -

 

$

 -

 

$

83 

 

$

 -

 

$

18,847 

Depreciation, depletion and amortization

 

 

1,833 

 

 

 

 

 -

 

 

42 

 

 

67 

 

 

1,945 

Impairment of proved properties

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

Bad debt expense (recovery) and other

 

 

171 

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

171 

Other operating expense

 

 

754 

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

754 

Operating income (loss)

 

 

8,424 

 

 

(299)

 

 

(87)

 

 

 -

 

 

(3,465)

 

 

4,573 

Interest income (expense), net

 

 

(1,468)

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

(2)

 

 

(1,470)

Income tax expense

 

 

2,894 

 

 

107 

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

3,001 

Additions to property and equipment

 

 

(2,493)

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

140 

 

 

 -

 

 

(2,353)



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

Three Months Ended June 30, 2015



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Equatorial

 

 

 

 

Corporate

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

Gabon

 

Angola

 

Guinea

 

U.S.

 

and Other

 

Total

Revenues-oil and gas sales

 

$

26,991 

 

$

 -

 

$

 -

 

$

146 

 

$

 -

 

$

27,137 

Depreciation, depletion and amortization

 

 

9,078 

 

 

 

 

 -

 

 

157 

 

 

61 

 

 

9,299 

Impairment of proved properties

 

 

5,821 

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

5,821 

Bad debt expense (recovery) and other

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

296 

 

 

 -

 

 

296 

Operating income (loss)

 

 

2,266 

 

 

(978)

 

 

(418)

 

 

(663)

 

 

(1,237)

 

 

(1,030)

Interest income (expense), net

 

 

(343)

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 

 

(339)

Income tax expense

 

 

4,273 

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

4,273 

Additions to property and equipment

 

 

17,680 

 

 

1,135 

 

 

 -

 

 

(16)

 

 

86 

 

 

18,885 

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Six Months Ended June 30, 2016



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Equatorial

 

 

 

 

Corporate

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

Gabon

 

Angola

 

Guinea

 

U.S.

 

and Other

 

Total

Revenues-oil and natural gas sales

 

$

29,672 

 

$

 -

 

$

 -

 

$

151 

 

$

 -

 

$

29,823 

Depreciation, depletion and amortization

 

 

3,976 

 

 

 

 

 -

 

 

63 

 

 

141 

 

 

4,186 

Impairment of proved properties

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

Bad debt expense (recovery) and other

 

 

514 

 

 

(7,629)

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

(7,115)

Other operating expense

 

 

9,635 

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

9,635 

Operating income (loss)

 

 

(3,532)

 

 

7,007 

 

 

(135)

 

 

(3)

 

 

(5,412)

 

 

(2,075)

Interest income (expense), net

 

 

(1,956)

 

 

3,201 

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

(2)

 

 

1,243 

Income tax expense

 

 

4,579 

 

 

3,074 

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

7,653 

Additions to property and equipment

 

 

(2,493)

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

140 

 

 

 -

 

 

(2,353)



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

Six Months Ended June 30, 2015



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Equatorial

 

 

 

 

Corporate

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

Gabon

 

Angola

 

Guinea

 

U.S.

 

and Other

 

Total

Revenues-oil and natural gas sales

 

$

45,091 

 

$

 -

 

$

 -

 

$

285 

 

$

 -

 

$

45,376 

Depreciation, depletion and amortization

 

 

14,784 

 

 

 

 

 -

 

 

327 

 

 

117 

 

 

15,234 

Impairment of proved properties

 

 

11,220 

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

11,220 

Bad debt expense and other

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

576 

 

 

 -

 

 

576 

Operating loss

 

 

(2,279)

 

 

(28,844)

 

 

(657)

 

 

(414)

 

 

(4,114)

 

 

(36,308)

Interest income (expense), net

 

 

(650)

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 

 

(645)

Income tax expense

 

 

7,638 

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

7,638 

Additions to property and equipment

 

 

33,419 

 

 

(1,973)

 

 

 -

 

 

(16)

 

 

151 

 

 

31,581 







 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Equatorial

 

 

 

 

Corporate

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

Gabon

 

Angola

 

Guinea

 

U.S.

 

and Other

 

Total

Total assets as of June 30, 2016

 

$

75,259 

 

$

2,290 

 

$

10,174 

 

$

1,314 

 

$

2,620 

 

$

91,657 

Total assets as of December 31, 2015

 

 

98,858 

 

 

10,304 

 

 

10,200 

 

 

1,470 

 

 

3,126 

 

 

123,958 











12. SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

On July 28, 2016, we signed a purchase and sale agreement to acquire an additional 2.98%  working interest in the Etame Marin block located offshore the Republic of Gabon from Sojitz Etame Limited (“Sojitz”), which represents the full interest owned by Sojitz in the concession.  The acquisition has an effective date of August 1, 2016, and closing is expected within 90 days, subject to customary closing conditions. Payment for the acquisition is expected to be primarily funded by cash on hand.  We intend to request to borrow the $5.0 million under the Additional Term Loan before December 31, 2016.











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ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

SPECIAL NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This report includes “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, (the “Exchange Act”) which are intended to be covered by the safe harbors created by those laws. We have based these forward-looking statements on our current expectations and projections about future events. These forward-looking statements include information about possible or assumed future results of our operations. All statements, other than statements of historical facts, included in this report that address activities, events or developments that we expect or anticipate may occur in the future, including without limitation, statements regarding our financial position, operating performance and results, reserve quantities and net present values, market prices, business strategy, derivative activities, the amount and nature of capital expenditures and plans and objectives of management for future operations are forward-looking statements. When we use words such as “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “expect,” “intend,” “forecast,” “outlook,” “aim,”, target”, “will,” “could,” “should,” “may,” “likely ,” “plan,” “probably” or similar expressions, we are making forward-looking statements. Many risks and uncertainties that could affect our future results and could cause results to differ materially from those expressed in our forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to:

·

our ability to continue as a going concern;

·

further declines, volatility of and weakness in oil and natural gas prices;

·

our ability to maintain liquidity in view of current oil and natural gas prices;

·

our ability to meet the financial covenants of our loan agreement;

·

the uncertainty of estimates of oil and natural gas reserves;

·

the impact of competition;

·

the availability and cost of seismic, drilling and other equipment;

·

operating hazards inherent in the exploration for and production of oil and natural gas;

·

difficulties encountered during the exploration for and production of oil and natural gas;

·

difficulties encountered in measuring, transporting and delivering oil to commercial markets;

·

discovery, acquisition, development and replacement of oil and natural gas reserves;

·

timing and amount of future production of oil and natural gas;

·

hedging decisions, including whether or not to enter into derivative financial instruments;

·

our ability to effectively integrate companies and properties that we acquire;

·

general economic conditions, including any future economic downturn, disruption in financial markets and the availability of credit;

·

changes in customer demand and producers’ supply;

·

future capital requirements and our ability to attract capital;

·

currency exchange rates;

·

actions by the governments of and events occurring in the countries in which we operate;

·

actions by our venture partners;

·

compliance with, or the effect of changes in, governmental regulations regarding our exploration, production, and well completion operations including those related to climate change; 

·

the outcome of any governmental audit;

·

actions of operators of our oil and natural gas properties; and

·

weather conditions.

The information contained in this report and the information set forth under the heading “Item 1A. Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2015 (“2015 Form 10-K”) identifies additional factors that could cause our results or performance to differ materially from those we express in forward-looking statements. Although we believe that the assumptions underlying our forward-looking statements are reasonable, any of these assumptions and therefore also the forward-looking statements based on these assumptions, could themselves prove to be inaccurate. In light of the significant uncertainties inherent in the forward-looking statements which are included in this report and the 2015 Form 10-K, our inclusion of this information is not a representation by us or any other person that our objectives and plans will be achieved. When you consider our forward-looking statements, you should keep in mind these risk factors and the other cautionary statements in this report.

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Our forward-looking statements speak only as of the date made, and we will not update these forward-looking statements unless the securities laws require us to do so. Our forward-looking statements are expressly qualified in their entirety by this cautionary statement. In light of these risks, uncertainties and assumptions, any forward-looking events discussed in this report may not occur.

INTRODUCTION

VAALCO is a Houston-based independent energy company principally engaged in the acquisition, exploration, development and production of crude oil and natural gas. As operator, we have production operations in and conduct exploration activities in Gabon and Angola, West Africa.  We participate in exploration and development activities as a non-operator in Equatorial Guinea, West Africa. VAALCO is the operator of two unconventional wells in the United States in North Texas and holds undeveloped leasehold acreage in Montana. We also own some minor interests in conventional production activities as a non-operator in the United States.

A significant component of our results of operations is dependent upon the difference between prices received for our offshore Gabon oil production and the costs to find and produce such oil. Oil and natural gas prices have been and are expected in the future to be volatile and subject to fluctuations based on a number of factors beyond our control. Beginning in the third quarter of 2014, the prices for oil and natural gas began a dramatic decline which continued through 2015 and into early 2016. Current prices, while higher than those in early 2016, are significantly less than they were in the several years prior to mid-2014. Sustained low oil and natural gas prices or further decreases in oil and natural gas prices could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and the carrying value of our proved oil and natural gas properties and undeveloped leasehold interests and our ability to request the additional $5 million term loan from the IFC. As with prices received for oil production, the costs to find and produce oil and natural gas are largely not within our control. 

CURRENT DEVELOPMENTS    

In 2016, prices for oil, natural gas and natural gas liquids continued to remain at low levels experienced in 2015. These low prices have affected our business in numerous ways, including causing:

·

a material reduction in our revenues, cash flows and liquidity;

·

a reduction in the borrowing base of our revolving credit facility with the International Finance Corporation (“IFC’) credit facility from $65 million to $20.1 million at December 31, 2015;

·

a decrease in the valuation of our proved reserves, additional impairments of our oil and natural gas properties and the possibility that some of our existing wells may become uneconomic;

·

the removal of proved undeveloped reserves that became  uneconomic to drill and develop;

·

us to implement reductions in our workforce in order to reduce costs; and

·

an increase in the possibility that some of the purchasers of our oil and natural gas production, or some of the companies that provide us with services, may experience financial difficulties.

Price declines also adversely affected our borrowing capacity based mainly on the value of our oil and natural gas reserves. These reductions limited our ability to carry out our operations. Our borrowing base was reduced from $65.0 million to $20.1 million effective December 31, 2015. On June 29, 2016, we executed a Supplemental Agreement with the IFC, the lender under our revolving credit facility which among other things, amended and restated our loan agreement to convert $20 million of the revolving portion of the credit facility into a term loan.  Currently $15 million is outstanding as a term loan with an additional $5 million that may be requested in a single draw between now and December 31, 2016.  See Note 5 to the condensed consolidated financial statements and “Capital Resources and Liquidity—Liquidity—Credit Facility” below for additional details about the loan agreement. 

In January 2016, our Board of Directors formed a strategic committee to oversee the evaluation of our strategic alternatives. The committee is exploring strategic options including, but not limited to, securing additional investment to support existing projects and growth opportunities, joint ventures, asset sales or farm-outs, our potential sale or merger, or continuing to pursue our existing operating plan. We will continue to pursue ways to increase liquidity. However, we can give no assurances that any of these strategic alternatives can be completed, and if so, on reasonable terms that are acceptable to us. 

As discussed in Note 4 to the condensed consolidated financial statements, we recorded impairments on our proved oil and natural gas properties in periods prior to 2016.  We could experience write-downs in the remainder of 2016. It is difficult to predict with reasonable certainty the amount of expected future impairments given the many factors impacting the calculation including, but not limited to, future pricing, operating costs, drilling and completion costs, and reserve additions and adjustments. Our impairment calculations have been based upon reserve economics using forecasted future prices, adjusted for specifics related to our production. If projected per barrel prices used in the impairment calculation made as of June 30, 2016 had been $5.00 lower, there would still have been no impairment. Given the uncertainty associated with the factors used in these calculations, these estimates should not necessarily be construed as indicative of our future financial results. 

As discussed further in Note 6 to the condensed consolidated financial statements, on March 14, 2016,  we received payment from Sonangol P&P for the full amount owed us as of December 31, 2015, including the $7.6 million of pre-assignment costs.  The $7.6 million recovery is reflected in the Bad debt expense (recovery) and other line of the condensed consolidated statements of operations. Default interest of $3.2 million was received and is shown in the Interest income line of the condensed consolidated statement of operations. While this payment improved our liquidity in the short-term, we are continuing to pursue alternatives for increasing our liquidity. 

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As discussed further in Note 12 to the condensed consolidated financial statements, on July 28, 2016, we signed a purchase and sale agreement to acquire an additional 2.98% working interest in the Etame Marin block located offshore the Republic of Gabon from Sojitz Etame Limited (“Sojitz”),